An In-Depth Analysis of Crime Rates in the United States
Keywords:Crime rates, United States, Criminal behavior, Violent crimes, Property crimes, White-collar crimes.
Crime in the United States is a multifaceted and persistent issue that demands comprehensive examination and understanding. This journal article seeks to provide an exhaustive analysis of the state of criminality in the USA, exploring its diverse manifestations, underlying causes, and potential solutions. The United States, as a nation marked by remarkable cultural diversity, economic disparities, and geographical vastness, presents a unique and complex landscape of crime that varies significantly across regions and communities. This article serves as a detailed exploration of crime in the USA, encompassing various facets of criminal behavior, and illuminating the intricate factors contributing to its prevalence.
Sampson, R. J., & Laub, J. H. (1993). Crime in the making: Pathways and turning points through life. Harvard University Press.
Blumstein, A., & Wallman, J. (2006). The crime drop in America. Cambridge University Press.
Clear, T. R. (2007). Imprisoning communities: How mass incarceration makes disadvantaged neighborhoods worse. Oxford University Press.
Rosenfeld, R., & Messner, S. F. (2009). The crime drop in comparative perspective: The impact of the economy and imprisonment on American and European burglary rates. British Journal of Sociology, 60(3), 445-471.
Papachristos, A. V., Meares, T. L., & Fagan, J. (2012). Why do criminals obey the law? The influence of legitimacy and social networks on active gun offenders. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 102(2), 397-440.
Sampson, R. J., & Wilson, W. J. (2015). The racial ecology of lead poisoning: Toxic inequality in Chicago neighborhoods, 1995-2013. Harvard University Press.
Western, B. (2006). Punishment and inequality in America. Russell Sage Foundation.
Wacquant, L. (2010). Urban outcasts: A comparative sociology of advanced marginality. Polity Press.
Alexander, M. (2012). The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. The New Press.
Zimring, F. E. (2017). When police kill. Harvard University Press.
Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2020). Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program. https://ucr.fbi.gov/
Bureau of Justice Statistics. (2021). Criminal victimization, 2020. https://www.bjs.gov/
U.S. Department of Justice. (2014). The growth of incarceration in the United States: Exploring causes and consequences. https://www.ncjrs.gov/
National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2020). The science of drug use and addiction: The basics. https://www.drugabuse.gov/
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS). https://www.cdc.gov/
The Sentencing Project. (2021). Report: Trends in U.S. corrections. https://www.sentencingproject.org/
Pew Research Center. (2019). Key facts about U.S. immigration policies and proposed changes. https://www.pewresearch.org/
Brennan Center for Justice. (2020). The economic benefits of investing in youth in the juvenile justice system. https://www.brennancenter.org/
American Psychological Association. (2020). The school-to-prison pipeline. https://www.apa.org/
National Institute of Justice. (2020). Crime and justice research. https://nij.ojp.gov/
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 ENDLESS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FUTURE STUDIES
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.